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Everything you need to know about Kashan Persian rugs

Posted on 05 May 2015

Kashan Persian rugs are a well-known type of rug, which take their name from the city of Kashan in north-west Iran.

Kashan is famous not only for its beautiful rugs, but also for its architecture and historical monuments, as the House of Borujerdis [photo] built around 1870 in order to satisfy the wishes of a rich merchant’s bride.

In Kashan the weaving art is ancient but still widespread. Indeed, two in three people work in the weaving industry, according to UNESCO.

kashan persian rug
In Kashan there are no proper workshops; therefore weaving is done at home.
Antique Kashan Persian rugs are much admired by collectors, who seek them avidly. They are regarded as among the best carpets in the world.




Kashan Persian rugs: Features

Weaving technique: A Kashan rug is woven using the classic Farsi knot asymmetrically. It is interesting to have a look at the back of a Kashan rug to examine the knots.

Materials: Wool and silk.

Colours: Green, red, blue, brown, black.

Medallions: Kashan rugs usually display a central medallion. The shape of the medallion is one of the distinctive features of the Kashan rug because it is composed of round and square angles.

Motifs: The motifs are repetitive and typically include: flowers, leaves, vines and animals. Nevertheless, sometimes it is possible to find a historic scene in the design.

The beautiful Kashan Persian rug in the photo is an example of a rug with an animal-orientated design. This fine carpet is located at the Metropolitan Museum of Art in the United States. It dates back the mid-sixteenth century.

kashan persian rugs


The most ancient rug is a Kashan

The Ardabil carpet at London’s Victoria and Albert Museum is one of the finest examples of a Kashan Persian rug in the world. It was originally kept at a shrine in Ardabil, north-west Iran.

kashan persian rugs


The shrine was built to honour Shaykh Safi al-Din Ardabili, who died in 1334, and from whom the Savafir dynasty descended. It was this dynasty that brought about Iran’s unification.

In the shrine there were two identical rugs. The other one is now in the United States. Both rugs were sold to fund reconstruction following a catastrophic earthquake.


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